Introduction to Mewati Gharana
A Gharana that boasts of two distinct musical traditions – Vocal and Instrumental. As one goes through the family tree, one can clearly see the two prominent traditions that have been brought forth. Mewati Gharana was co-founded by two brothers – Ustad Ghagge Nazir Khan (vocal) and his elder brother, beenkar Ustad Wahid Khansaheb. Ghagge Nazir Khan adopted his younger brother Munavvar Khan since he had no children. Munavvar Khan (vocalist) further adopted his elder brother Wahid Khan’s son Ghulam Qadir Khan as he too did not have any children. Ustad Ghulam Qadir Khan, primarily a vocalist but also a been player was the last descendent from the family to represent the vocal tradition. Ghagge Nazir Khan had two pupils – Nathulal and Chimanlal. Nathulal trained his nephew Pandit Motiram whose son Pandit Jasraj today represents the Mewati vocal tradition. Panditji’s illustrious pupils like his nephew Rattan Sharma, Sanjeev Abhyankar (vocal), Kala Ramnath (violin) and many more are already noteworthy performers.
Beenkar Ustad Wahid Khansahab, elder brother of Ghagge Nazir Khan was the pupil of the famous beenkar Ustad Bande Ali Khan. His sons Majid Khan, Latif Khan and Hamid Khan continued the tradition of been playing. Another son, Ustad Ghulam Qadir Khan was also a been player initially but later switched to singing upon the insistence of his uncle Munavvar Khan. Later Ustad Mohammed Khan (been / sitar / surbabar) and Mohammed Shafi (sitar), grandsons of Wahid Khan continued the instrumental tradition.
Today, the 5th generation is represented by, world-famous sitarist Ustad Rais Khan and sitarist Ustad Siraj Khan. The 6th generation of instrumentalists, sitarists Asad Khan, son of Ust Siraj Khan is already being hailed as worthy successors.
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